Levitating particles could lift nuclear detective work

Credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory photo. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 7, 2018–Laser-based 'optical tweezers' could levitate uranium and plutonium particles, thus allowing the measurement of nuclear recoil during radioactive decay. This technique, proposed by scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory, provides a new method for conducting the radioactive particle analysis essential to nuclear forensics. "Our […]

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US Advanced Battery Consortium funds extension of lithium-ion battery recycling process

Credit: Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, Mass. – With a $1.08 million contract award from the United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC (USABC), a collaborative organization of FCA US LLC, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors, a materials engineering research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) will extend development of its novel process to recycle spent […]

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The secret sulfate code that lets the bad Tau in

Credit: Sandi Jo Estill-Terpack, Barbara Stopschinsky Vampires can turn humans into vampires, but to enter a human's house, they must be invited in. Researchers at the UT Southwestern Medical Center, writing in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, have uncovered details of how cells invite inside corrupted proteins that can turn normal proteins corrupt, leading to […]

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Improving cancer treatment with 3D modeling of drug resistance

Credit: Dr. Hossein Tavana The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is funding the research of a University of Akron (UA) scientist that could lead to more effective cancer treatment. Dr. Hossein Tavana and students in his Tissue Engineering Microtechnologies lab recently developed and patented a method to make 3D cultures of clustered cancer cells (called […]

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ASHG honors Cecilia Lindgren with ASHG Mentorship Award

Credit: (Courtesy Wellcome Trust, UK) ROCKVILLE, MD – The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) has named Cecilia Lindgren, PhD, as the recipient of its 2018 Mentorship Award. This award recognizes ASHG members who have significant records of accomplishment as mentors. It is open to individuals at all academic ranks who have shown a sustained […]

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One step closer to finding a cure for brain diseases

Credit: Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST) A research team led by Professor Jaewon Ko and Ji Won Um from Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences identified a new principle of formation of brain synapses through synaptic binding protein complexes. Many nerve cells that make up the brain control the function of the […]

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Tree shrew tolerance for spicy foods unlocked by researchers

Credit: MA Xiaofeng Spicy foods elicit a pungent or hot and painful sensation that repels most mammals. However, the tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis), a species closely related to primates, seems to violate this rule of thumb. Researchers accidentally observed tree shrews directly and actively consuming chili peppers, despite the deep geographic isolation between the […]

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Synapse-specific plasticity governs the identity of overlapping memory traces

Credit: Kaoru Inokuchi, Kareem Abdou Memories are formed through long-term changes in synaptic efficacy, a process known as synaptic plasticity, and are stored in the brain in specific neuronal ensembles called engram cells, which are activated during corresponding events. When two memories are associated, cell ensembles corresponding to each memory overlap. However, each memory has […]

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