Looking behind a rare brain disease for clues to treat more common mental disorders

Researchers use genetic manipulation techniques to highlight how the function of a protein can lead to neurodevelopmental delays Credit: Katsuhiko Tabuchi, Shinshu University, Japan Researchers have clarified, for the first time, the mechanism behind a very rare brain disorder called MICPCH (microcephaly, disproportionate pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia) syndrome in animal models. Information gleaned from this […]

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This Lab-on-a-Chip Can Screen Millions of Bacteria in Parallel

Our French biotech of the week, Biomillenia, is developing a lab-on-a-chip that can screen millions of strains of bacteria in a fraction of the time it takes for traditional methods. This technology can identify previously unculturable strains for use in agriculture, animal health, or microbiome-based therapies. Mission: To use lab-on-a-chip technology to culture and screen […]

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‘Seeing’ tails help sea snakes avoid predators

Credit: Chris Malam New research has revealed the fascinating adaptation of some Australian sea snakes that helps protect their vulnerable paddle-shaped tails from predators. An international study led by the University of Adelaide shows that several species of Australian sea snakes can sense light on their tail skin, prompting them to withdraw their tails under […]

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Immune stimulant molecule shown to prevent cancer

Immune checkpoint stimulator, SA-4-1BBL, as a single agent prevents against multiple types of cancer Credit: University of Louisville LOUISVILLE, Ky. – A research team at the University of Louisville has discovered that an immune checkpoint molecule they developed for cancer immunotherapy, also protects against future development of multiple types of cancer when administered by itself. […]

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OSA patients with excessive daytime sleepiness at greatest risk of cardiovascular disease

Credit: ATS Feb. 15, 2019–Adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who experience excessive sleepiness while awake appear to be at far greater risk for cardiovascular diseases than those without excessive daytime sleepiness, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. In “Symptom Subtypes of […]

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New molecular blueprint advances our understanding of photosynthesis

Berkeley Lab research will shed light on the process by which plants convert carbon dioxide into sugar, helping scientists engineer crops that produce sustainable bioproducts including biofuels Credit: Thomas Laughlin/UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have used one of the most advanced microscopes in […]

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It doesn’t take much for soldiers to feel cared for

Researchers conduct randomized controlled trial of caring texts Credit: UW Medicine A soldier named Jerome Motto received caring letters from home in World War II. They helped boost his spirits and later led to one of the nation’s first successful suicide interventions. Today, with military personnel being more mobile, researchers tested out the effectiveness of […]

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New tool for documenting injuries may provide better evidence for elder abuse cases

Experts develop first standardized framework for clinicians to document physical findings on older patients Credit: Ricardo Carrasco III LOS ANGELES – An estimated 10 percent of older adults experience some form of abuse each year. However, the link between injuries and possible elder abuse may take months or years to establish and is often difficult […]

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