Biotech News

Harnessing plasmonics for precision agriculture worldwide

A Moore Inventor Fellowship is supporting a Duke engineer in her quest to develop a small, inexpensive hyperspectral camera Credit: Jon Stewart, Duke University DURHAM, N.C. — Maiken Mikkelsen wants to change the world by developing a small, inexpensive hyperspectral camera to enable worldwide precision farming practices that would significantly reduce water, energy, fertilizer and pesticide use while simultaneously increasing yields. While that goal sounds like a tall task for

UTA project evaluates damage from natural disasters quickly, accelerates claims process

Better tools to assess natural disaster damage Credit: UT Arlington A civil engineer at The University of Texas at Arlington will use unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs, to perform reconnaissance after natural disasters and more accurately and quickly assess damage to buildings. Nick Fang, an assistant professor in the Department of Civil Engineering, is using a $299,000 National Science Foundation grant to accelerate the conventional insurance adjustment process for which

Study: Nonsurgical treatment options effective for sinus issues

A new study shows medication, not surgery, can be a successful therapeutic option for severe chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps Credit: Colleen Kelley/University of Cincinnati CINCINNATI (Oct. 15, 2019) — For sufferers of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), surgery is often the only treatment option due to the severity of their condition. A new study led by a University of Cincinnati researcher may provide another option, however: in a recent clinical study,

Reclamation awards $8.9 million for innovative solutions in water and power management

Credit: Bureau of Reclamation/Alex Stephens The Bureau of Reclamation is providing $8.9 million to 27 new research projects and 114 continuing research projects through its Science and Technology Program. The funding from Reclamation is being matched by $10.9 million in partner contributions. The research findings will then be applied throughout Reclamation for the benefit of its water and power facility managers, customers and stakeholders. “Reclamation faces many technical and complex

Increased risk of tularemia as the climate changes

Credit: Jolanta Dabrowska/Mostphotos Researchers at Stockholm University have developed a method for statistically predicting impacts of climate change on outbreaks of tularemia in humans. The study has been published in the journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. The results show that tularemia may become increasingly common in the future in high-latitude regions. As the average annual temperature rises in high-latitude regions, rain and snow magnitudes and the

NASA’s Terra satellite catches a glimpse of a fleeting Ema

Credit: Credit: NASA Worldview Tropical Storm Ema had a very short life, but NASA’s Terra satellite caught a glimpse of the storm before it dissipated in the Central Pacific Ocean. The newest tropical storm of the Central Pacific Ocean hurricane season formed to the northwest of the Hawaiian Islands late on Oct. 12. Although there was no threat to Hawaii, there was a Tropical Storm Watch is in effect on

WVU researcher to help target victims of rural sex trafficking through new mobile app

Credit: West Virginia University A West Virginia University School of Medicine researcher is developing an app to train key personnel in rural areas how to identify and report one of the lesser known elements of the opioid epidemic– child sex trafficking. “Trafficking is often done to fuel someone’s illicit drug habit,” said Amie Ashcraft, director of research for the Department of Family Medicine. “In West Virginia, we’ve only recently started

Protein that triggers plant defences to light stress identified

To protect against damage from excess light, a newly identified protein triggers a defence mechanism in plant cells Credit: Silvia Ramundo (CC BY 4.0) A newly discovered protein turns on plants’ cellular defence to excessive light and other stress factors caused by a changing climate, according to a new study published in eLife. Plants play a crucial role in supporting life on earth by using energy from sunlight to convert

New survey confirms muscadine grapes are affected by parasitic nematodes

Credit: Ganpati B. Jagdale Native to the Southeastern United States, muscadine grapes are a superfruit. With high levels of resveratrol, phenols and antioxidants, they are known to help fight cardiovascular disease and cancer-causing agents. Muscadines are also favored by small industries making juices, pies, jams, and wine. With combined sales of $5.2 million, these grapes are economically important in Georgia and North Carolina. Muscadines are also known for being hearty

Peeping into the black box of AI to discover how collective behaviors emerge

Credit: Gil Costa How do the stunningly intricate patterns created by schools of fish emerge? For many scientists, this question presents an irresistible mathematical puzzle involving a substantial number of variables describing the relative speed and position of each individual fish and its many neighbors. Various mathematical models were proposed to tackle this question, but according to Gonzalo de Polavieja, head of the Collective Behaviour lab at the Champalimaud Centre